Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new, unfamiliar type of illness that was discovered in 2019. It has not been previously identified in humans as a type.
This new and previously not identified coronavirus, now called SARS-CoV-2, causes the disease COVID-19. The virus was first identified in Wuhan, China, on Dec. 31, 2019. The virus has spread to every continent, except Antarctica.
People relate this virus with the already known Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) that happened in 2003. Both viruses are related to each other genetically, but the diseases they cause are different. By definition, Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses. Some cause illness in people and others in certain types of animals. Given this fact, with the beginning of the epidemic, no animals were recorded to have the virus. So far, there are not records of pets, animals, live stock or wild animals with this virus in U.S. Experts suggest to still remain careful around animals and keep the healthy habits and regular hygene. Frequent hand-washing that lasts at least 20 seconds with soap and water — and 60%-95% alcohol-based hand sanitizers can kill the virus.
On the other hand, if a human is infected, they are obligated to restrict their contacts with pets and animals, same as with humans.
On March. 29 the first record of animal infected was recorded. A cat in Belgium has been infected with COVID-19, and it is the first human-to-cat transmission of the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Cat’s owner has been infected as well, right after returning from a trip to Northen Italy.
The virus is known to spread with close contacts with other humans, touching objects and surfaces and keeping low hygene. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the virus is spreading mostly through person-to-person contact within about 1.8 meters radius but more dominantly spread viral particles through coughing and sneezing. The statistics published by The New England Journal of Medicine, say that the virus can remain viable in the air for up to 3 hours, on plastic and stainless steel up to 72 hours. The surfaces present in packaging are not ideal for the virus to survive.Previous research has found that corona viruses don’t survive for a long period of time on objects such as letters and packages.
Many questions came up on the situation in Italy. People constantly doubted why specifically Italy was hit so harsh, and to be more interesting, it happened there all of the sudden? Basically, from the reports that we have so far, experts have an opinion on this questions. One of the reasons, they pointed is statistically seen, this country has the oldest population in Europe. Numbers say that about 23% of their population is on age over 65, compared to 17% in the same age in the U.S.
The other crucial reason is their nonchalant approach towards the seriousness of the situation. Italians are known for their closeness with family, friends, outgoing, parties and having dolce vita – which lead to having serious impact in a situation with a virus.